Turner Engineering Key Steps to Rebuild an Engine
This sequence is intended to answer one of the most commonly asked questions:
What do you actually do to the engine to rebuild it?
After dismantling, all parts are thoroughly cleaned and inspected. We use two BUPI cabinet washing machines for chemical cleaning. Both use bio degradable aqueous solutions to clean components after dismantling and more importantly after machining and prior to painting.
A Hodge Clemco bead blasting machine is used for components that require more intense cleaning than the cabinet washers can provide. Such as corroded engine covers, carbonised cylinder heads etc.
Engine Components in BUPI Washing Machine Basket
Large and smaller engine components (in baskets) after initial cleaning. A this stage, any damaged or scrap components can be rejected. Cleaned parts such as cylinder blocks and crankshafts are subject to non-destructive testing processes (crack and pressure test). Parts such as gaskets, core plugs, pistons, seals, bearings etc have been disposed of by this stage.
A Key Place to Reconditioned Engines: the Machine Shop
Components subject to machining operations such as cylinder blocks, cylinder heads, crankshafts, connecting rods, rockers etc travel through the machine shop under the control of our quality assurance system.
4 Cylinder Block Casting - Cleaning
V8 Block Casting Remanufacturing Process
The CNC Machining is the Most Accurate Process Available
The machine is a Mazak AJV 25/405N CNC jig borer. This machine was purchased new in the early 90's with a view to improve accuracy in machining and reducing time cycles on complex machining operations and is a vital part in our engine production.
Machining Centre Mazatrol M-32 Display
Some 30 programs are contained within the memory of the machining centre. Covering all metal cutting operations associated with cylinder bores, liners, cylinder head, block face, conrod and rocker bushes.
Determining the exact position of where machining operations take place is established with the use of renishaw probing.
This picture shows a connecting rod being measured.
Each part of the reconditioning process described here is fundamental to ensure parts quality. Nothing is left to chance which guarantees that our re-manufacturing process is one of the best in the market.
Accurate Measurement of Finished Work is Vital for the Reliability of the Re-Manufactured Engine
Here a bore gauge is used for measuring connecting rod big ends after machining.
All vital measuring equipment used for final inspection is regularly calibrated in accordance with ISO 9001.
To Rebuild our Engines, we Use the AMC1200U Crankshaft Grinder
Offset grinding of crankshafts is the preferred method. This is the same process as used in original manufacture and produces the best accuracy and surface finishes.
Reground Three Main Bearing Petrol Journal
This is a key step of our engine rebuild process. Note the blended oil gallery and radius. This is the finished article, ready for assembly with the same surface finish and life expectancy as a new component.
Turner Engineering provide a full range of main bearings suitable for Land Rover Series 2/2a/111, Defender, Discovery and Range Rover engines. So if you need any, you know you can get these online.
AMC H260A Vertical Honing Machine
After boring, cylinders require honing to size to provide the correct running clearances specified by the piston manufacturers.
We use a Sunnen Ck3000 honing head. This machine is generally used for our four and five cylinder engines.
Every step of this process is described so far is a key one to rebuild an engine.
Thanks to this re-manufacturing process, we ensure product quality and provide customer satisfaction.
A Close Up of the Sunnen CK3000 Honing Head
The correct surface finish is essential to ensure maximum performance, life expectancy and minimal oil consumption. This is how we get the most performant Land Rover engines.
Note the cross hatch markings on the cylinder wall.
The images below show you the Sunnen SV210 CNC vertical honing machine that we use to rebuild engines.
Installed summer 2006, the machine is fully automated to work to extremely fine limits and has allowed increased production in line with increased demand for V8 engines.
This CNC Honing Machine is currently Dedicated to our V8 Engine Block Production
Close up of the two stage diamond honing machine.
Close up of the control system. This control system allows the shape and size of the cylinder bore to be monitored as the cylinder is being honed.
Sunnen C100A Horizontal Line Honing Machine
This process covers the often ignored area of main bearing size, roundness and alignment, ensuring the life expectancy and smooth runing of a new engine.
300TDi Cylinder Block - Finished
The finished article ready for assembly, fully machined and painted.
During remanufacture the cylinder block has undergone the following processes: clean, crack test, fit new core plugs, inspect threads, pressure test.
Fit new camshaft bearings and line reamL Line hone main bearing housings. Rebore / reline / hone cylinders, skim decl of block.
Wash, flush oil, galleries and paint.
The Cylinder Head Department
Fully equipped to produce cylinder heads.
The Serdi 50 is used to produce counter bores for valve seat inserts, three angled valve seats and valve guide reaming. All reconditioned heads come from this department.
On this picture, you can see a row of cylinder heads on the bench, awaiting machining.
Serdi 50 in Action Cutting a Valve Seat with Three Angled Seat Cutter
We have supplied some of 10 000+ cylinder heads for exchange and our re-manufactured engine program.
This picture illustrates the three angled seat cutting produced by our Serdi seat cutting system.
This system properly replicates the original seat specification essential for good performance and life expectancy.
With these re-manufactured parts, we guarantee our rebuilt engine performance.
On the right: a new 200TDi Diesel exhaust valve next to a newly cut valve seat.
The valve seating is checked with Engineers Blue to ensure a perfect seal and rechecked with a vacuum test to ensure reliable compression will be achieved.
A 2.25 Petrol Cylinder Head Assembled with New Valves and Springs
The finished article, one of the several thousand lead free cylinder heads produced since unleaded fuel was introduced in 1986.
One of our best selling products amongst our range of Land Rover 2.25 Petrol Engine Parts.
Close-up of the combustion area of a 2.25 lead free cylinder head illustrating the standard of workmanship and new valbes used in the remanufacturing process.
A selection of Petrol and Diesle cylinder heads, ready for service.
Reconditioned 200TDi Engine
Putting the finishing touches to a 200TDi engine (right picture).
We stock the full range of 200TDi parts so you can order online if you need any.
If you've this far, you have now seen evidence of heavy ongoing investment and commitment to quality throughout the production process.
We provide not just GOOD or AVERAGE quality, but THE BEST quality products on the market today.
All our engines are remanufactured in accordance with BS AU 257:2002 Code of Practice to guarantee quality and long term reliability.
None of the products illustrated are new and have all been re-manufactured in our workshop, with the exception of valves.
Thanks for your Interest in Turner Engineering!